In Files

  • cgi.rb

CGI::HtmlExtension

Mixin module providing HTML generation methods.

For example,

cgi.a("http://www.example.com") { "Example" }
  # => "<A HREF=\"http://www.example.com\">Example</A>"

Modules Http3, Http4, etc., contain more basic HTML-generation methods (:title, :center, etc.).

See class CGI for a detailed example.

Public Instance Methods

a(href = "") click to toggle source

Generate an Anchor element as a string.

href can either be a string, giving the URL for the HREF attribute, or it can be a hash of the element's attributes.

The body of the element is the string returned by the no-argument block passed in.

a("http://www.example.com") { "Example" }
  # => "<A HREF=\"http://www.example.com\">Example</A>"

a("HREF" => "http://www.example.com", "TARGET" => "_top") { "Example" }
  # => "<A HREF=\"http://www.example.com\" TARGET=\"_top\">Example</A>"
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1315
def a(href = "") # :yield:
  attributes = if href.kind_of?(String)
                 { "HREF" => href }
               else
                 href
               end
  if block_given?
    super(attributes){ yield }
  else
    super(attributes)
  end
end
            
base(href = "") click to toggle source

Generate a Document Base URI element as a String.

href can either by a string, giving the base URL for the HREF attribute, or it can be a has of the element's attributes.

The passed-in no-argument block is ignored.

base("http://www.example.com/cgi")
  # => "<BASE HREF=\"http://www.example.com/cgi\">"
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1337
def base(href = "") # :yield:
  attributes = if href.kind_of?(String)
                 { "HREF" => href }
               else
                 href
               end
  if block_given?
    super(attributes){ yield }
  else
    super(attributes)
  end
end
            
blockquote(cite = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a BlockQuote element as a string.

cite can either be a string, give the URI for the source of the quoted text, or a hash, giving all attributes of the element, or it can be omitted, in which case the element has no attributes.

The body is provided by the passed-in no-argument block

blockquote("http://www.example.com/quotes/foo.html") { "Foo!" }
  #=> "<BLOCKQUOTE CITE=\"http://www.example.com/quotes/foo.html\">Foo!</BLOCKQUOTE>
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1360
def blockquote(cite = nil)  # :yield:
  attributes = if cite.kind_of?(String)
                 { "CITE" => cite }
               else
                 cite or ""
               end
  if block_given?
    super(attributes){ yield }
  else
    super(attributes)
  end
end
            
caption(align = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a Table Caption element as a string.

align can be a string, giving the alignment of the caption (one of top, bottom, left, or right). It can be a hash of all the attributes of the element. Or it can be omitted.

The body of the element is provided by the passed-in no-argument block.

caption("left") { "Capital Cities" }
  # => <CAPTION ALIGN=\"left\">Capital Cities</CAPTION>
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1384
def caption(align = nil) # :yield:
  attributes = if align.kind_of?(String)
                 { "ALIGN" => align }
               else
                 align or ""
               end
  if block_given?
    super(attributes){ yield }
  else
    super(attributes)
  end
end
            
checkbox(name = "", value = nil, checked = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a Checkbox Input element as a string.

The attributes of the element can be specified as three arguments, name, value, and checked. checked is a boolean value; if true, the CHECKED attribute will be included in the element.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

checkbox("name")
  # = checkbox("NAME" => "name")

checkbox("name", "value")
  # = checkbox("NAME" => "name", "VALUE" => "value")

checkbox("name", "value", true)
  # = checkbox("NAME" => "name", "VALUE" => "value", "CHECKED" => true)
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1414
def checkbox(name = "", value = nil, checked = nil)
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "checkbox", "NAME" => name,
                   "VALUE" => value, "CHECKED" => checked }
               else
                 name["TYPE"] = "checkbox"
                 name
               end
  input(attributes)
end
            
checkbox_group(name = "", *values) click to toggle source

Generate a sequence of checkbox elements, as a String.

The checkboxes will all have the same name attribute. Each checkbox is followed by a label. There will be one checkbox for each value. Each value can be specified as a String, which will be used both as the value of the VALUE attribute and as the label for that checkbox. A single-element array has the same effect.

Each value can also be specified as a three-element array. The first element is the VALUE attribute; the second is the label; and the third is a boolean specifying whether this checkbox is CHECKED.

Each value can also be specified as a two-element array, by omitting either the value element (defaults to the same as the label), or the boolean checked element (defaults to false).

checkbox_group("name", "foo", "bar", "baz")
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="foo">foo
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="bar">bar
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="baz">baz

checkbox_group("name", ["foo"], ["bar", true], "baz")
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="foo">foo
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" CHECKED NAME="name" VALUE="bar">bar
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="baz">baz

checkbox_group("name", ["1", "Foo"], ["2", "Bar", true], "Baz")
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="1">Foo
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" CHECKED NAME="name" VALUE="2">Bar
  # <INPUT TYPE="checkbox" NAME="name" VALUE="Baz">Baz

checkbox_group("NAME" => "name",
                 "VALUES" => ["foo", "bar", "baz"])

checkbox_group("NAME" => "name",
                 "VALUES" => [["foo"], ["bar", true], "baz"])

checkbox_group("NAME" => "name",
                 "VALUES" => [["1", "Foo"], ["2", "Bar", true], "Baz"])
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1468
def checkbox_group(name = "", *values)
  if name.kind_of?(Hash)
    values = name["VALUES"]
    name = name["NAME"]
  end
  values.collect{|value|
    if value.kind_of?(String)
      checkbox(name, value) + value
    else
      if value[value.size - 1] == true
        checkbox(name, value[0], true) +
        value[value.size - 2]
      else
        checkbox(name, value[0]) +
        value[value.size - 1]
      end
    end
  }.to_s
end
            
file_field(name = "", size = 20, maxlength = nil) click to toggle source

Generate an File Upload Input element as a string.

The attributes of the element can be specified as three arguments, name, size, and maxlength. maxlength is the maximum length of the file’s name, not of the file’s contents.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

See multipart_form() for forms that include file uploads.

file_field("name")
  # <INPUT TYPE="file" NAME="name" SIZE="20">

file_field("name", 40)
  # <INPUT TYPE="file" NAME="name" SIZE="40">

file_field("name", 40, 100)
  # <INPUT TYPE="file" NAME="name" SIZE="40" MAXLENGTH="100">

file_field("NAME" => "name", "SIZE" => 40)
  # <INPUT TYPE="file" NAME="name" SIZE="40">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1510
def file_field(name = "", size = 20, maxlength = nil)
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "file", "NAME" => name,
                   "SIZE" => size.to_s }
               else
                 name["TYPE"] = "file"
                 name
               end
  attributes["MAXLENGTH"] = maxlength.to_s if maxlength
  input(attributes)
end
            
form(method = "post", action = script_name, enctype = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded") click to toggle source

Generate a Form element as a string.

method should be either "get" or "post", and defaults to the latter. action defaults to the current CGI script name. enctype defaults to "application/x-www-form-urlencoded".

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

See also multipart_form() for forms that include file uploads.

form{ "string" }
  # <FORM METHOD="post" ENCTYPE="application/x-www-form-urlencoded">string</FORM>

form("get") { "string" }
  # <FORM METHOD="get" ENCTYPE="application/x-www-form-urlencoded">string</FORM>

form("get", "url") { "string" }
  # <FORM METHOD="get" ACTION="url" ENCTYPE="application/x-www-form-urlencoded">string</FORM>

form("METHOD" => "post", "ENCTYPE" => "enctype") { "string" }
  # <FORM METHOD="post" ENCTYPE="enctype">string</FORM>
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1544
def form(method = "post", action = script_name, enctype = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
  attributes = if method.kind_of?(String)
                 { "METHOD" => method, "ACTION" => action,
                   "ENCTYPE" => enctype } 
               else
                 unless method.has_key?("METHOD")
                   method["METHOD"] = "post"
                 end
                 unless method.has_key?("ENCTYPE")
                   method["ENCTYPE"] = enctype
                 end
                 method
               end
  if block_given?
    body = yield
  else
    body = ""
  end
  if @output_hidden
    body += @output_hidden.collect{|k,v|
      "<INPUT TYPE=\"HIDDEN\" NAME=\"#{k}\" VALUE=\"#{v}\">"
    }.to_s
  end
  super(attributes){body}
end
            
hidden(name = "", value = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a Hidden Input element as a string.

The attributes of the element can be specified as two arguments, name and value.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

hidden("name")
  # <INPUT TYPE="hidden" NAME="name">

hidden("name", "value")
  # <INPUT TYPE="hidden" NAME="name" VALUE="value">

hidden("NAME" => "name", "VALUE" => "reset", "ID" => "foo")
  # <INPUT TYPE="hidden" NAME="name" VALUE="value" ID="foo">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1585
def hidden(name = "", value = nil)
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "hidden", "NAME" => name, "VALUE" => value }
               else
                 name["TYPE"] = "hidden"
                 name
               end
  input(attributes)
end
            
html(attributes = {}) click to toggle source

Generate a top-level HTML element as a string.

The attributes of the element are specified as a hash. The pseudo-attribute “PRETTY” can be used to specify that the generated HTML string should be indented. “PRETTY” can also be specified as a string as the sole argument to this method. The pseudo-attribute “DOCTYPE”, if given, is used as the leading DOCTYPE SGML tag; it should include the entire text of this tag, including angle brackets.

The body of the html element is supplied as a block.

html{ "string" }
  # <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN"><HTML>string</HTML>

html("LANG" => "ja") { "string" }
  # <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN"><HTML LANG="ja">string</HTML>

html("DOCTYPE" => false) { "string" }
  # <HTML>string</HTML>

html("DOCTYPE" => '<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML//EN">') { "string" }
  # <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML//EN"><HTML>string</HTML>

html("PRETTY" => "  ") { "<BODY></BODY>" }
  # <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">
  # <HTML>
  #   <BODY>
  #   </BODY>
  # </HTML>

html("PRETTY" => "\t") { "<BODY></BODY>" }
  # <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">
  # <HTML>
  #         <BODY>
  #         </BODY>
  # </HTML>

html("PRETTY") { "<BODY></BODY>" }
  # = html("PRETTY" => "  ") { "<BODY></BODY>" }

html(if $VERBOSE then "PRETTY" end) { "HTML string" }
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1637
def html(attributes = {}) # :yield:
  if nil == attributes
    attributes = {}
  elsif "PRETTY" == attributes
    attributes = { "PRETTY" => true }
  end
  pretty = attributes.delete("PRETTY")
  pretty = "  " if true == pretty
  buf = ""

  if attributes.has_key?("DOCTYPE")
    if attributes["DOCTYPE"]
      buf += attributes.delete("DOCTYPE")
    else
      attributes.delete("DOCTYPE")
    end
  else
    buf += doctype
  end

  if block_given?
    buf += super(attributes){ yield }
  else
    buf += super(attributes)
  end

  if pretty
    CGI::pretty(buf, pretty)
  else
    buf
  end

end
            
image_button(src = "", name = nil, alt = nil) click to toggle source

Generate an Image Button Input element as a string.

src is the URL of the image to use for the button. name is the input name. alt is the alternative text for the image.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

image_button("url")
  # <INPUT TYPE="image" SRC="url">

image_button("url", "name", "string")
  # <INPUT TYPE="image" SRC="url" NAME="name" ALT="string">

image_button("SRC" => "url", "ATL" => "strng")
  # <INPUT TYPE="image" SRC="url" ALT="string">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1686
def image_button(src = "", name = nil, alt = nil)
  attributes = if src.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "image", "SRC" => src, "NAME" => name,
                   "ALT" => alt }
               else
                 src["TYPE"] = "image"
                 src["SRC"] ||= ""
                 src
               end
  input(attributes)
end
            
img(src = "", alt = "", width = nil, height = nil) click to toggle source

Generate an Image element as a string.

src is the URL of the image. alt is the alternative text for the image. width is the width of the image, and height is its height.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

img("src", "alt", 100, 50)
  # <IMG SRC="src" ALT="alt" WIDTH="100" HEIGHT="50">

img("SRC" => "src", "ALT" => "alt", "WIDTH" => 100, "HEIGHT" => 50)
  # <IMG SRC="src" ALT="alt" WIDTH="100" HEIGHT="50">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1712
def img(src = "", alt = "", width = nil, height = nil)
  attributes = if src.kind_of?(String)
                 { "SRC" => src, "ALT" => alt }
               else
                 src
               end
  attributes["WIDTH"] = width.to_s if width
  attributes["HEIGHT"] = height.to_s if height
  super(attributes)
end
            
multipart_form(action = nil, enctype = "multipart/form-data") click to toggle source

Generate a Form element with multipart encoding as a String.

Multipart encoding is used for forms that include file uploads.

action is the action to perform. enctype is the encoding type, which defaults to "multipart/form-data".

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

multipart_form{ "string" }
  # <FORM METHOD="post" ENCTYPE="multipart/form-data">string</FORM>

multipart_form("url") { "string" }
  # <FORM METHOD="post" ACTION="url" ENCTYPE="multipart/form-data">string</FORM>
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1738
def multipart_form(action = nil, enctype = "multipart/form-data")
  attributes = if action == nil
                 { "METHOD" => "post", "ENCTYPE" => enctype } 
               elsif action.kind_of?(String)
                 { "METHOD" => "post", "ACTION" => action,
                   "ENCTYPE" => enctype } 
               else
                 unless action.has_key?("METHOD")
                   action["METHOD"] = "post"
                 end
                 unless action.has_key?("ENCTYPE")
                   action["ENCTYPE"] = enctype
                 end
                 action
               end
  if block_given?
    form(attributes){ yield }
  else
    form(attributes)
  end
end
            
password_field(name = "", value = nil, size = 40, maxlength = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a Password Input element as a string.

name is the name of the input field. value is its default value. size is the size of the input field display. maxlength is the maximum length of the inputted password.

Alternatively, attributes can be specified as a hash.

password_field("name")
  # <INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="name" SIZE="40">

password_field("name", "value")
  # <INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="name" VALUE="value" SIZE="40">

password_field("password", "value", 80, 200)
  # <INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="name" VALUE="value" SIZE="80" MAXLENGTH="200">

password_field("NAME" => "name", "VALUE" => "value")
  # <INPUT TYPE="password" NAME="name" VALUE="value">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1780
def password_field(name = "", value = nil, size = 40, maxlength = nil)
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "password", "NAME" => name,
                   "VALUE" => value, "SIZE" => size.to_s }
               else
                 name["TYPE"] = "password"
                 name
               end
  attributes["MAXLENGTH"] = maxlength.to_s if maxlength
  input(attributes)
end
            
radio_button(name = "", value = nil, checked = nil) click to toggle source

Generates a radio-button Input element.

name is the name of the input field. value is the value of the field if checked. checked specifies whether the field starts off checked.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

radio_button("name", "value")
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="value">

radio_button("name", "value", true)
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="value" CHECKED>

radio_button("NAME" => "name", "VALUE" => "value", "ID" => "foo")
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="value" ID="foo">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1884
def radio_button(name = "", value = nil, checked = nil)
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "radio", "NAME" => name,
                   "VALUE" => value, "CHECKED" => checked }
               else
                 name["TYPE"] = "radio"
                 name
               end
  input(attributes)
end
            
radio_group(name = "", *values) click to toggle source

Generate a sequence of radio button Input elements, as a String.

This works the same as checkbox_group(). However, it is not valid to have more than one radiobutton in a group checked.

radio_group("name", "foo", "bar", "baz")
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="foo">foo
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="bar">bar
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="baz">baz

radio_group("name", ["foo"], ["bar", true], "baz")
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="foo">foo
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" CHECKED NAME="name" VALUE="bar">bar
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="baz">baz

radio_group("name", ["1", "Foo"], ["2", "Bar", true], "Baz")
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="1">Foo
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" CHECKED NAME="name" VALUE="2">Bar
  # <INPUT TYPE="radio" NAME="name" VALUE="Baz">Baz

radio_group("NAME" => "name",
              "VALUES" => ["foo", "bar", "baz"])

radio_group("NAME" => "name",
              "VALUES" => [["foo"], ["bar", true], "baz"])

radio_group("NAME" => "name",
              "VALUES" => [["1", "Foo"], ["2", "Bar", true], "Baz"])
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1923
def radio_group(name = "", *values)
  if name.kind_of?(Hash)
    values = name["VALUES"]
    name = name["NAME"]
  end
  values.collect{|value|
    if value.kind_of?(String)
      radio_button(name, value) + value
    else
      if value[value.size - 1] == true
        radio_button(name, value[0], true) +
        value[value.size - 2]
      else
        radio_button(name, value[0]) +
        value[value.size - 1]
      end
    end
  }.to_s
end
            
reset(value = nil, name = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a reset button Input element, as a String.

This resets the values on a form to their initial values. value is the text displayed on the button. name is the name of this button.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

reset
  # <INPUT TYPE="reset">

reset("reset")
  # <INPUT TYPE="reset" VALUE="reset">

reset("VALUE" => "reset", "ID" => "foo")
  # <INPUT TYPE="reset" VALUE="reset" ID="foo">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1958
def reset(value = nil, name = nil)
  attributes = if (not value) or value.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "reset", "VALUE" => value, "NAME" => name }
               else
                 value["TYPE"] = "reset"
                 value
               end
  input(attributes)
end
            
scrolling_list(name = "", *values) click to toggle source
Alias for: popup_menu
submit(value = nil, name = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a submit button Input element, as a String.

value is the text to display on the button. name is the name of the input.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

submit
  # <INPUT TYPE="submit">

submit("ok")
  # <INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="ok">

submit("ok", "button1")
  # <INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="ok" NAME="button1">

submit("VALUE" => "ok", "NAME" => "button1", "ID" => "foo")
  # <INPUT TYPE="submit" VALUE="ok" NAME="button1" ID="foo">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 1988
def submit(value = nil, name = nil)
  attributes = if (not value) or value.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "submit", "VALUE" => value, "NAME" => name }
               else
                 value["TYPE"] = "submit"
                 value
               end
  input(attributes)
end
            
text_field(name = "", value = nil, size = 40, maxlength = nil) click to toggle source

Generate a text field Input element, as a String.

name is the name of the input field. value is its initial value. size is the size of the input area. maxlength is the maximum length of input accepted.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

text_field("name")
  # <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="name" SIZE="40">

text_field("name", "value")
  # <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="name" VALUE="value" SIZE="40">

text_field("name", "value", 80)
  # <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="name" VALUE="value" SIZE="80">

text_field("name", "value", 80, 200)
  # <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="name" VALUE="value" SIZE="80" MAXLENGTH="200">

text_field("NAME" => "name", "VALUE" => "value")
  # <INPUT TYPE="text" NAME="name" VALUE="value">
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 2020
def text_field(name = "", value = nil, size = 40, maxlength = nil)
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "TYPE" => "text", "NAME" => name, "VALUE" => value,
                   "SIZE" => size.to_s }
               else
                 name["TYPE"] = "text"
                 name
               end
  attributes["MAXLENGTH"] = maxlength.to_s if maxlength
  input(attributes)
end
            
textarea(name = "", cols = 70, rows = 10) click to toggle source

Generate a TextArea element, as a String.

name is the name of the textarea. cols is the number of columns and rows is the number of rows in the display.

Alternatively, the attributes can be specified as a hash.

The body is provided by the passed-in no-argument block

textarea("name")
   # = textarea("NAME" => "name", "COLS" => 70, "ROWS" => 10)

textarea("name", 40, 5)
   # = textarea("NAME" => "name", "COLS" => 40, "ROWS" => 5)
 
               # File cgi.rb, line 2046
def textarea(name = "", cols = 70, rows = 10)  # :yield:
  attributes = if name.kind_of?(String)
                 { "NAME" => name, "COLS" => cols.to_s,
                   "ROWS" => rows.to_s }
               else
                 name
               end
  if block_given?
    super(attributes){ yield }
  else
    super(attributes)
  end
end
            

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