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RDoc::Markup::Parser

A recursive-descent parser for RDoc markup.

The parser tokenizes an input string then parses the tokens into a Document. Documents can be converted into output formats by writing a visitor like RDoc::Markup::ToHTML.

The parser only handles the block-level constructs Paragraph, List, ListItem, Heading, Verbatim, BlankLine and Rule. Inline markup such as +blah+ is handled separately by RDoc::Markup::AttributeManager.

To see what markup the Parser implements read RDoc. To see how to use RDoc markup to format text in your program read RDoc::Markup.

Constants

LIST_TOKENS

List token types

Attributes

debug[RW]

Enables display of debugging information

tokens[R]

Token accessor

Public Class Methods

new() click to toggle source

Creates a new Parser. See also ::parse

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 76
def initialize
  @tokens = []
  @current_token = nil
  @debug = false

  @line = 0
  @line_pos = 0
end
            
parse(str) click to toggle source

Parses str into a Document

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 57
def self.parse str
  parser = new
  parser.tokenize str
  doc = RDoc::Markup::Document.new
  parser.parse doc
end
            
tokenize(str) click to toggle source

Returns a token stream for str, for testing

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 67
def self.tokenize str
  parser = new
  parser.tokenize str
  parser.tokens
end
            

Public Instance Methods

build_heading(level) click to toggle source

Builds a Heading of level

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 88
def build_heading level
  type, text, = get

  text = case type
         when :TEXT then
           skip :NEWLINE
           text
         else
           unget
           ''
         end

  RDoc::Markup::Heading.new level, text
end
            
build_list(margin) click to toggle source

Builds a List flush to margin

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 106
def build_list margin
  p :list_start => margin if @debug

  list = RDoc::Markup::List.new

  until @tokens.empty? do
    type, data, column, = get

    case type
    when :BULLET, :LABEL, :LALPHA, :NOTE, :NUMBER, :UALPHA then

      if column < margin || (list.type && list.type != type) then
        unget
        break
      end

      list.type = type
      peek_type, _, column, = peek_token

      case type
      when :NOTE, :LABEL then
        if peek_type == :NEWLINE then
          # description not on the same line as LABEL/NOTE
          # skip the trailing newline & any blank lines below
          while peek_type == :NEWLINE
            get
            peek_type, _, column, = peek_token
          end

          # we may be:
          #   - at end of stream
          #   - at a column < margin:
          #         [text]
          #       blah blah blah
          #   - at the same column, but with a different type of list item
          #       [text]
          #       * blah blah
          #   - at the same column, with the same type of list item
          #       [one]
          #       [two]
          # In all cases, we have an empty description.
          # In the last case only, we continue.
          if peek_type.nil? || column < margin then
            empty = 1
          elsif column == margin then
            case peek_type
            when type
              empty = 2 # continue
            when *LIST_TOKENS
              empty = 1
            else
              empty = 0
            end
          else
            empty = 0
          end

          if empty > 0 then
            item = RDoc::Markup::ListItem.new(data)
            item << RDoc::Markup::BlankLine.new
            list << item
            break if empty == 1
            next
          end
        end
      else
        data = nil
      end

      list_item = RDoc::Markup::ListItem.new data
      parse list_item, column
      list << list_item

    else
      unget
      break
    end
  end

  p :list_end => margin if @debug

  return nil if list.empty?

  list
end
            
build_paragraph(margin) click to toggle source

Builds a Paragraph that is flush to margin

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 195
def build_paragraph margin
  p :paragraph_start => margin if @debug

  paragraph = RDoc::Markup::Paragraph.new

  until @tokens.empty? do
    type, data, column, = get

    if type == :TEXT && column == margin then
      paragraph << data
      skip :NEWLINE
    else
      unget
      break
    end
  end

  p :paragraph_end => margin if @debug

  paragraph
end
            
build_verbatim(margin) click to toggle source

Builds a Verbatim that is indented from margin.

The verbatim block is shifted left (the least indented lines start in column 0). Each part of the verbatim is one line of text, always terminated by a newline. Blank lines always consist of a single newline character, and there is never a single newline at the end of the verbatim.

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 225
def build_verbatim margin
  p :verbatim_begin => margin if @debug
  verbatim = RDoc::Markup::Verbatim.new

  min_indent = nil
  generate_leading_spaces = true
  line = ''

  until @tokens.empty? do
    type, data, column, = get

    if type == :NEWLINE then
      line << data
      verbatim << line
      line = ''
      generate_leading_spaces = true
      next
    end

    if column <= margin
      unget
      break
    end

    if generate_leading_spaces then
      indent = column - margin
      line << ' ' * indent
      min_indent = indent if min_indent.nil? || indent < min_indent
      generate_leading_spaces = false
    end

    case type
    when :HEADER then
      line << '=' * data
      _, _, peek_column, = peek_token
      peek_column ||= column + data
      indent = peek_column - column - data
      line << ' ' * indent
    when :RULE then
      width = 2 + data
      line << '-' * width
      _, _, peek_column, = peek_token
      peek_column ||= column + width
      indent = peek_column - column - width
      line << ' ' * indent
    when :TEXT then
      line << data
    else # *LIST_TOKENS
      list_marker = case type
                    when :BULLET then data
                    when :LABEL  then "[#{data}]"
                    when :NOTE   then "#{data}::"
                    else # :LALPHA, :NUMBER, :UALPHA
                      "#{data}."
                    end
      line << list_marker
      peek_type, _, peek_column = peek_token
      unless peek_type == :NEWLINE then
        peek_column ||= column + list_marker.length
        indent = peek_column - column - list_marker.length
        line << ' ' * indent
      end
    end

  end

  verbatim << line << "\n" unless line.empty?
  verbatim.parts.each { |p| p.slice!(0, min_indent) unless p == "\n" } if min_indent > 0
  verbatim.normalize

  p :verbatim_end => margin if @debug

  verbatim
end
            
get() click to toggle source

Pulls the next token from the stream.

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 303
def get
  @current_token = @tokens.shift
  p :get => @current_token if @debug
  @current_token
end
            
parse(parent, indent = 0) click to toggle source

Parses the tokens into an array of RDoc::Markup::XXX objects, and appends them to the passed parent RDoc::Markup::YYY object.

Exits at the end of the token stream, or when it encounters a token in a column less than indent (unless it is a NEWLINE).

Returns parent.

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 318
def parse parent, indent = 0
  p :parse_start => indent if @debug

  until @tokens.empty? do
    type, data, column, = get

    if type == :NEWLINE then
      # trailing newlines are skipped below, so this is a blank line
      parent << RDoc::Markup::BlankLine.new
      skip :NEWLINE, false
      next
    end

    # indentation change: break or verbatim
    if column < indent then
      unget
      break
    elsif column > indent then
      unget
      parent << build_verbatim(indent)
      next
    end

    # indentation is the same
    case type
    when :HEADER then
      parent << build_heading(data)
    when :RULE then
      parent << RDoc::Markup::Rule.new(data)
      skip :NEWLINE
    when :TEXT then
      unget
      parent << build_paragraph(indent)
    when *LIST_TOKENS then
      unget
      parent << build_list(indent)
    else
      type, data, column, line = @current_token
      raise ParseError, "Unhandled token #{type} (#{data.inspect}) at #{line}:#{column}"
    end
  end

  p :parse_end => indent if @debug

  parent

end
            
peek_token() click to toggle source

Returns the next token on the stream without modifying the stream

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 369
def peek_token
  token = @tokens.first || []
  p :peek => token if @debug
  token
end
            
skip(token_type, error = true) click to toggle source

Skips the next token if its type is token_type.

Optionally raises an error if the next token is not of the expected type.

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 380
def skip token_type, error = true
  type, = get
  return unless type # end of stream
  return @current_token if token_type == type
  unget
  raise ParseError, "expected #{token_type} got #{@current_token.inspect}" if error
end
            
token_pos(offset) click to toggle source

Calculates the column and line of the current token based on offset.

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 471
def token_pos offset
  [offset - @line_pos, @line]
end
            
tokenize(input) click to toggle source

Turns text input into a stream of tokens

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 391
def tokenize input
  s = StringScanner.new input

  @line = 0
  @line_pos = 0

  until s.eos? do
    pos = s.pos

    # leading spaces will be reflected by the column of the next token
    # the only thing we loose are trailing spaces at the end of the file
    next if s.scan(/ +/)

    # note: after BULLET, LABEL, etc.,
    # indent will be the column of the next non-newline token

    @tokens << case
               # [CR]LF => :NEWLINE
               when s.scan(/\r?\n/) then
                 token = [:NEWLINE, s.matched, *token_pos(pos)]
                 @line_pos = s.pos
                 @line += 1
                 token
               # === text => :HEADER then :TEXT
               when s.scan(/(=+)(\s*)/) then
                 level = s[1].length
                 header = [:HEADER, level, *token_pos(pos)]

                 if s[2] =~ /^\r?\n/ then
                   s.pos -= s[2].length
                   header
                 else
                   pos = s.pos
                   s.scan(/.*/)
                   @tokens << header
                   [:TEXT, s.matched.sub(/\r$/, ''), *token_pos(pos)]
                 end
               # --- (at least 3) and nothing else on the line => :RULE
               when s.scan(/(-{3,}) *$/) then
                 [:RULE, s[1].length - 2, *token_pos(pos)]
               # * or - followed by white space and text => :BULLET
               when s.scan(/([*-]) +(\S)/) then
                 s.pos -= s[2].bytesize # unget \S
                 [:BULLET, s[1], *token_pos(pos)]
               # A. text, a. text, 12. text => :UALPHA, :LALPHA, :NUMBER
               when s.scan(/([a-z]|\d+)\. +(\S)/) then
                 # FIXME if tab(s), the column will be wrong
                 # either support tabs everywhere by first expanding them to
                 # spaces, or assume that they will have been replaced
                 # before (and provide a check for that at least in debug
                 # mode)
                 list_label = s[1]
                 s.pos -= s[2].bytesize # unget \S
                 list_type =
                   case list_label
                   when /[a-z]/ then :LALPHA
                   when /[A-Z]/ then :UALPHA
                   when /\d/    then :NUMBER
                   else
                     raise ParseError, "BUG token #{list_label}"
                   end
                 [list_type, list_label, *token_pos(pos)]
               # [text] followed by spaces or end of line => :LABEL
               when s.scan(/\[(.*?)\]( +|$)/) then
                 [:LABEL, s[1], *token_pos(pos)]
               # text:: followed by spaces or end of line => :NOTE
               when s.scan(/(.*?)::( +|$)/) then
                 [:NOTE, s[1], *token_pos(pos)]
               # anything else: :TEXT
               else s.scan(/.*/)
                 [:TEXT, s.matched.sub(/\r$/, ''), *token_pos(pos)]
               end
  end

  self
end
            
unget() click to toggle source

Returns the current token to the token stream

 
               # File rdoc/markup/parser.rb, line 478
def unget
  token = @current_token
  p :unget => token if @debug
  raise Error, 'too many #ungets' if token == @tokens.first
  @tokens.unshift token if token
end
            

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