In Files

  • uri/common.rb

URI::Parser

class that Parses String’s into URI’s

It contains a Hash set of patterns and Regexp’s that match and validate.

Attributes

pattern[R]

The Hash of patterns.

see also URI::Parser.initialize_pattern

regexp[R]

The Hash of Regexp

see also URI::Parser.initialize_regexp

Public Class Methods

new(opts = {}) click to toggle source

Synopsis

URI::Parser.new([opts])

Args

The constructor accepts a hash as options for parser. Keys of options are pattern names of URI components and values of options are pattern strings. The constructor generetes set of regexps for parsing URIs.

You can use the following keys:

* :ESCAPED (URI::PATTERN::ESCAPED in default)
* :UNRESERVED (URI::PATTERN::UNRESERVED in default)
* :DOMLABEL (URI::PATTERN::DOMLABEL in default)
* :TOPLABEL (URI::PATTERN::TOPLABEL in default)
* :HOSTNAME (URI::PATTERN::HOSTNAME in default)

Examples

p = URI::Parser.new(:ESCAPED => "(?:%[a-fA-F0-9]{2}|%u[a-fA-F0-9]{4})")
u = p.parse("http://example.jp/%uABCD") #=> #<URI::HTTP:0xb78cf4f8 URL:http://example.jp/%uABCD>
URI.parse(u.to_s) #=> raises URI::InvalidURIError

s = "http://examle.com/ABCD"
u1 = p.parse(s) #=> #<URI::HTTP:0xb78c3220 URL:http://example.com/ABCD>
u2 = URI.parse(s) #=> #<URI::HTTP:0xb78b6d54 URL:http://example.com/ABCD>
u1 == u2 #=> true
u1.eql?(u2) #=> false
 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 99
def initialize(opts = {})
  @pattern = initialize_pattern(opts)
  @pattern.each_value {|v| v.freeze}
  @pattern.freeze

  @regexp = initialize_regexp(@pattern)
  @regexp.each_value {|v| v.freeze}
  @regexp.freeze
end
            

Public Instance Methods

escape( str ) click to toggle source
escape( str, unsafe )

Args

str

String to make safe

unsafe

Regexp to apply. Defaults to self.regexp

Description

constructs a safe String from str, removing unsafe characters, replacing them with codes.

 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 299
def escape(str, unsafe = @regexp[:UNSAFE])
  unless unsafe.kind_of?(Regexp)
    # perhaps unsafe is String object
    unsafe = Regexp.new("[#{Regexp.quote(unsafe)}]", false)
  end
  str.gsub(unsafe) do
    us = $&
    tmp = ''
    us.each_byte do |uc|
      tmp << sprintf('%%%02X', uc)
    end
    tmp
  end.force_encoding(Encoding::US_ASCII)
end
            
extract( str ) click to toggle source
extract( str, schemes )
extract( str, schemes ) {|item| block }

Args

str

String to search

schemes

Patterns to apply to str

Description

Attempts to parse and merge a set of URIs If no block given , then returns the result, else it calls block for each element in result.

see also #make_regexp

 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 261
def extract(str, schemes = nil, &block)
  if block_given?
    str.scan(make_regexp(schemes)) { yield $& }
    nil
  else
    result = []
    str.scan(make_regexp(schemes)) { result.push $& }
    result
  end
end
            
inspect() click to toggle source
 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 335
def inspect
  @@to_s.bind(self).call
end
            
join(*uris) click to toggle source

Args

uris

an Array of Strings

Description

Attempts to parse and merge a set of URIs

 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 235
def join(*uris)
  uris[0] = convert_to_uri(uris[0])
  uris.inject :merge
end
            
make_regexp(schemes = nil) click to toggle source

returns Regexp that is default self.regexp, unless schemes is provided. Then it is a Regexp.union with self.pattern

 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 274
def make_regexp(schemes = nil)
  unless schemes
    @regexp[:ABS_URI_REF]
  else
    /(?=#{Regexp.union(*schemes)}:)#{@pattern[:X_ABS_URI]}/x
  end
end
            
parse(uri) click to toggle source

Args

uri

String

Description

parses uri and constructs either matching URI scheme object (FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, LDAP, LDAPS, or MailTo) or URI::Generic

Usage

p = URI::Parser.new
p.parse("ldap://ldap.example.com/dc=example?user=john")
#=> #<URI::LDAP:0x00000000b9e7e8 URL:ldap://ldap.example.com/dc=example?user=john>
 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 209
def parse(uri)
  scheme, userinfo, host, port,
    registry, path, opaque, query, fragment = self.split(uri)

  if scheme && URI.scheme_list.include?(scheme.upcase)
    URI.scheme_list[scheme.upcase].new(scheme, userinfo, host, port,
                                       registry, path, opaque, query,
                                       fragment, self)
  else
    Generic.new(scheme, userinfo, host, port,
                registry, path, opaque, query,
                fragment, self)
  end
end
            
split(uri) click to toggle source

Returns a split URI against regexp

 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 120
def split(uri)
  case uri
  when ''
    # null uri

  when @regexp[:ABS_URI]
    scheme, opaque, userinfo, host, port,
      registry, path, query, fragment = $~[1..-1]

    # URI-reference = [ absoluteURI | relativeURI ] [ "#" fragment ]

    # absoluteURI   = scheme ":" ( hier_part | opaque_part )
    # hier_part     = ( net_path | abs_path ) [ "?" query ]
    # opaque_part   = uric_no_slash *uric

    # abs_path      = "/"  path_segments
    # net_path      = "//" authority [ abs_path ]

    # authority     = server | reg_name
    # server        = [ [ userinfo "@" ] hostport ]

    if !scheme
      raise InvalidURIError,
        "bad URI(absolute but no scheme): #{uri}"
    end
    if !opaque && (!path && (!host && !registry))
      raise InvalidURIError,
        "bad URI(absolute but no path): #{uri}"
    end

  when @regexp[:REL_URI]
    scheme = nil
    opaque = nil

    userinfo, host, port, registry,
      rel_segment, abs_path, query, fragment = $~[1..-1]
    if rel_segment && abs_path
      path = rel_segment + abs_path
    elsif rel_segment
      path = rel_segment
    elsif abs_path
      path = abs_path
    end

    # URI-reference = [ absoluteURI | relativeURI ] [ "#" fragment ]

    # relativeURI   = ( net_path | abs_path | rel_path ) [ "?" query ]

    # net_path      = "//" authority [ abs_path ]
    # abs_path      = "/"  path_segments
    # rel_path      = rel_segment [ abs_path ]

    # authority     = server | reg_name
    # server        = [ [ userinfo "@" ] hostport ]

  else
    raise InvalidURIError, "bad URI(is not URI?): #{uri}"
  end

  path = '' if !path && !opaque # (see RFC2396 Section 5.2)
  ret = [
    scheme,
    userinfo, host, port,         # X
    registry,                     # X
    path,                         # Y
    opaque,                       # Y
    query,
    fragment
  ]
  return ret
end
            
unescape( str ) click to toggle source
unescape( str, unsafe )

Args

str

String to remove escapes from

unsafe

Regexp to apply. Defaults to self.regexp

Description

Removes escapes from str

 
               # File uri/common.rb, line 330
def unescape(str, escaped = @regexp[:ESCAPED])
  str.gsub(escaped) { [$&[1, 2].hex].pack('C') }.force_encoding(str.encoding)
end
            

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